What are the benefits of a smooth tyre on a vehicle? Here are a few. It reduces wasted energy and shimmy vibrations, improves aerodynamics, and reduces weight in front tyres. But what exactly is the point of having a smooth tyre? Here are some reasons why the front tyre of a car should be smooth.
Reduces wasted energy
An unmanned aerial system (UAS) may replace fast motorcycles and aeroplanes for the weekly collection of samples. In such cases, the UAS would need approximately 19-38 aircraft per year. The lifespan of these aircraft is between 1000 and 3000-h, which means they would need replacement every four months or annually. If the sample collection schedule is changed from weekly to daily, the number of aircraft required would triple.
Reduces shimmy vibrations
The shimmy effect occurs when an aircraft or a fast motorcycle goes over bumps or waves and is triggered by a sudden change in contact patch. Shimmy vibrations can also be caused by defective tires, which can be external or internal in nature. Also, improperly maintained wire spoke wheels, which are not centered, can cause vibrations, as can wheel deformities.
The most common cause of speed wobbles in a fast motorcycle is an unbalanced front tyre. Aerodynamic drag forces move the load to the rear tyre and un-weight the front tyre. The front tyre’s contact patch then moves outward and backwards, trying to get back to its original position. The steering overshoot magnifies the shimmy vibrations. For more information on this phenomenon, watch the old British video below where ex-F1 commentator Murray Walker describes the effects of weight and aerodynamics on speed wobbles and how to reduce them.
Another cause of shimmy vibrations is a loose wheel bearing or suspension bushing. While steering wheel shimmy is often due to low-frequency vibration, it can also occur during high-frequency vibrations, which can be felt in the seat and steering wheel. You might even notice a slight shaking of the steering wheel if you’re going over bumps or rumbles.
The shape of the tire is a significant contributor to the aerodynamics of a vehicle. As the first part of the vehicle to come into contact with outside airflow, the shape of the tire and the tread pattern have a large impact on the flow pattern around the wheel. Even slight differences in tire geometry can increase aerodynamic drag significantly. When comparing the dimensions of a standard car tire to its specifications, researchers found that the measured tire has a 2% higher aerodynamic drag than the corresponding specification.
In a recent study, researchers examined the impact of different tire types on the aerodynamics of passenger cars. They found that the type of tire has a significant effect on overall drag, changing the drag of the car by five to ten factors. Hence, it is imperative to use the right tire type and size for the car. If you are considering changing your car’s tires, it is better to buy those with a smooth tyre.
For this purpose, the researchers studied the aerodynamics of three types of tyres. Different tire patterns produced different pressure coefficients, which were measured in a wind tunnel. The pressure coefficients Cp decreased along the air flow direction. In addition, the numerical simulations analyzed the effect of tread patterns on the flow field around the car’s tires. Further, they were able to use CFD simulations to determine whether the tread pattern affects the aerodynamic drag and efficiency.
The result of this study is that smooth tyres improve aerodynamics. They reduce the aerodynamic drag of cars by increasing the separation of airflow. This is possible due to the difference in tire geometry. The point symmetrical tire produces fewer vortices, but its pressure distribution is more even. It also generates more vortices on the leeward side than its counterpart.
Reduces weight of front tyre
In aeronautics, front tyres on fast motorcycles and aeroplanes have reduced weight as the tyres’ footprints are reshaped and their aerodynamics rearranged. This change in the shape of the tyres improves stability, but at what cost? Here are some things to consider before replacing your front tyres.